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Google Take Giant Strides to Help Build Web 3.0

Search engine behemoth Google will be the key provider of the electricity required to make the future generation of the Internet, which will be powered by blockchain, run. Google Cloud, recognized for supporting and scaling blockchain projects, has teamed up with Canadian company Dapper Labs, creator of the $680 million NBA Top Shot marketplace, to help build and grow Dapper's Flow blockchain.

What is Web 3.0? 

The Internet is perhaps the most significant technological revolution in human history.

Although the industry has developed significantly since the beginning of the project, its present stage is like the automotive industry in 1920, a technology that has changed worldwide for 20 years but is still very unreliable and requires significant upgrades.

In contrast to Web 1.0, where content creators were very few, with the enormous majority of users solely operating as consumers of content, web 2.0 provided us with the 'Web as Platform' in which software apps are based on the Web rather than on the desktop.

Enhanced technologies such as distributed ledgers and blockchain storage will enable data to be decentralized and provide a transparent and safe environment that overtakes the centralization of Web 2.0 and monitoring and operational advertising. Decentralized infrastructure and application platforms will replace centralized technology companies, and people are entitled to their data.

In fact, in the field of data ownership and remuneration, one of the most critical consequences of decentralization and blockchain technology. One believes that the Web reflects its original intention as we progress towards web 3.0 and the technology that enables it to develop and be adaptable.

Google and Dapper Changing Things Up

Industry monitoring site Dapp Radar says that Dapper users have been doing between 500,000 and one million transactions per week this summer and that the NFT platform is the fourth biggest by overall sales.

According to Dapper Labs CEO Roham Gharegozlou, the Flow network supports more than 50 apps, including NBA Top Shot and CryptoKitties. Google Cloud, as a network operator, will assist Flow in growing by providing infrastructure support. More than 2,000 developers using Flow may now connect to lower-latency Google cloud services through access nodes.

World wide web users will no longer rely on Amazon Web Services-powered centralized servers, as a new blockchain-based implementation will use a distributed network of different machines, everything from laptops to bitcoin mining farms.

As Web 3.0 nears, Google plans to take advantage of Amazon's vulnerable spot by promoting itself as a developer-friendly alternative. Google Cloud North America's vice president, Janet Kennedy, said that developers would decide on the source of their energy depending on power usage in the area.

With Google's assistance, Dapper Labs hopes to expand NBA TopShot and other NFT lines to millions of users to swell on the back of centralized cloud hosts in other blockchain initiatives. Microsoft and Amazon were the first two leading IT companies to offer blockchain-as-a-service, subsequently in 2015 and 2019.

It is the new blockchain dawn

The blockchain and crypto industry sensed the transition with the massive growth of non-fungible tokens during the past year. In the summer, members on the Dapper network made between 500,000 and 1 million transactions a week, according to Dapp Radar. The platform expanded to the fourth biggest in space during this period.

The famous NBA Top Shot collection sold nearly $700 million in only one year. Google's new collaboration aims to scale Top Shot and other Flow-friendly NFTs.

This transaction is the latest in several recent crypto-forward movements from the tech behemoth. Recently, as part of the new policy, Google has permitted crypto advertising.

According to Google Cloud North America vice president, Janet Kennedy, this move offers Dapper Labs the support and scalability it requires at the moment of growth in the sector.

“It’s really about helping them with rapid and sustainable growth,” mentioned Kennedy. “Blockchain technology is becoming more and more mainstream. So companies like Dapper need scalable, secure infrastructure to grow their business, and even more importantly, support their networks.”

Closing Thoughts

During the third stage of the Internet—the period after the first iteration of basic static websites and the second stage dominated by user-generated content and social media—the technology giant anticipates playing a pivotal role in a building that seems to be the decentralized version of the Web. 

How Blockchain is Changing Things up in Supply Chain & Manufacturing Industry

We've been swept up in the fourth industrial revolution since 2010. (Industry 4.0). It is a technological revolution characterized by data exchange and intelligent automation. Cloud-based systems, the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, and cognitive computing are all pushing the manufacturing industry to progress rapidly.

The application of blockchain technology is gaining popularity in the manufacturing and distribution sectors. The airline industry uses it to supervise its fleet's maintenance procedures. Retail giants have shown interest in the use of blockchain to make their operations leaner and faster. 

Blockchain & Manufacturing Revolution 

As a solution to improving transaction processing time, blockchain is already being utilized to solve other issues, such as several problems in manufacturing.

For instance, blockchain technology may connect supply chain ledgers to increase the accuracy and efficiency of product tracking. Having blockchain facilitate more accurate tracking and tracing can shift a time-consuming, labor-intensive manual process into a quick automated task.

Efforts are being made to enable blockchain to be used in manufacturing. An open-source standard to combine blockchain and IoT has been jointly developed by well-known technology companies like Bosch and Cisco Systems and startups through the Trusted IoT Alliance.

The protocol's primary feature is a smart-contract interface that enables data to pass freely between and among blockchain-enabled systems. Early research into the technology-focused on its application to supply chains.

Developers also hope to develop applications that will be able to support immutable documentation and hardware trust. To expand blockchain applications, a standard would need to be integrated into new factory hardware and software.

Manufacturing today is affected by blockchain technology. Blockchain can increase clarity and assurance at every stage of the industrial value chain, from sourcing raw materials to delivering the final product. It may assist with:

  • Tracking the supply chain for more transparency
  • Tracking materials origins and identifying counterfeits
  • High-complexity, long-duration engineering design
  • I.D. verification
  • tracking of assets
  • assurance of quality
  • the ability to comply with rules and regulations

Blockchains can provide industrial and manufacturing companies with a complete view of their operations, along with solutions that can boost augmented reality and 3D printing.

What sort of impact does Blockchain bring to new Supply Chains?

1. Traceability and Transparency 

Data on a blockchain is permanent and cryptographic signatures are necessary to verify ownership of information. If two or more firms cooperate, they can leverage a blockchain system to store information on the whereabouts and ownership of their goods and materials. To provide a comprehensive history of all supply chain components, this data is recorded in the blockchain. 

All supply chain members have a clear view of the commodities as they go from business to company. These recordings are unchangeable and are easy to track. A faulty product's source can be more immediately recognized, leading to more efficient product recalls and minimizing the time interruption experienced amongst different supply chain parties.

If a company can see and understand all of the inventory items moving through its supply chain, it can make better judgments. An improvement in quality boosts confidence in both consumers and stakeholders. It's also an effective weapon against fraud and counterfeiting

2. Savings & Expenses 

Inefficient supply networks produce a lot of waste. Industries with perishable commodities, such as the food sector, are especially vulnerable to this. Blockchain can help businesses spot and correct these inefficient inefficiencies, allowing them to apply cost-saving initiatives on a targeted basis.

In addition to reducing expenses, blockchain also helps reduce fees paid by multiple bank accounts and payment processors for fund transfers. These costs may eat into profit margins; therefore, it's essential to exclude them.

3. Interoperability

Data sharing is a severe issue with existing supply chain software, as it cannot bring together data from every participant in the process. Distributed blockchains, on the other hand, were intended to preserve a unique and transparent database. Each member of the network has a role in contributing new data and ensuring its accuracy. This makes it possible for any entity on the network to view all information, so one firm may check data transmission.

4. Electronically exchanging data systems.

The transmission of data between different firms is often done using EDI. However, these statistics are released on a scheduled schedule rather than in real-time. Because of this, if an order is lost or prices fluctuate, the rest of the supply chain only finds out until the next EDI batch is released. Information is updated in real-time with blockchain, and it is immediately shared with all stakeholders.

5. Preserving and increasing the value of crucial intellectual property

Every manufacturing company has a responsibility to safeguard its intellectual property.

To avoid legal wrangling, a company may benefit from using blockchain technology to assert I.P. ownership in the event of a patent dispute. Companies have made it possible for users to register I.P. in a blockchain using a web service. A certificate is created that validates the existence, integrity, and ownership of the I.P.

It is also a method of protecting and securing I.P. when monetizing digital assets. When used, for example, connected machines can assemble parts through the use of digital design files. To share proprietary I.P., the firm licensing the I.P. on the blockchain allows the company that makes the part to access it.

6. Machine managed maintenance

Blockchain can aid in introducing new maintenance strategies (such as automated service contracts) and reducing repair times. The advances are essential to deal with the sophisticated machinery's increased complexity and technical sophistication.

To make things easier for contractors, customers may include information about each device's service agreements and installation plans in the blockchain, producing a product's digital twin. Blockchain technology may be used to run and pay for scheduled maintenance automatically. Machines that require regular upkeep can be serviced by the equipment, which generates a smart contract for repair or a spare part. Once the order is complete, payment processing takes place automatically.

Blockchain records for the maintenance history are also linked to immutable documentation. Such applications currently in the early stage of development increase equipment dependability, enable equipment health and attrition monitoring and generate auditable machinery health evaluations. In addition, the blockchain may serve as proof to equipment suppliers that maintenance was conducted as specified in the warranty and guarantee agreements, even if an in-house team handled the care.

Closing Thoughts: The future of supply chain management will be shaped by blockchain technology

Blockchain technology and supply chain management solutions are a match made in heaven. Due to the immutability of blockchain-based solutions, virtually all of the critical weaknesses of existing supply chains may be solved quickly.

Industry firmly believes that supply chains are one of the essential areas that blockchain can help improve. However, it is also relevant to note that blockchain will have some difficulties since it is very new to the business world. The sector is plagued with deficiencies, and blockchain appears to solve most of these problems.

Hopefully, the use of blockchain in supply chains will soon become standard. In the future, both customers and producers will come to know a new, better way of managing supply chains. 

Sep, 2021

How Blockchain Industry Keeps Growing Despite the Effect of COVID-19

Not only did COVID-19 stifle the flow of commodities and people, but it also stifled the progress of blockchain technology.

Aside from a decline in blockchain funding and project delays, the epidemic forced significant blockchain and cryptocurrency gatherings to be postponed, if not canceled. These events aid in the education and promotion of blockchain technology.

When the pandemic fades, though, this "temporary pause" should pass, and blockchain investments should rebound. Blockchain might aid with government contract procurement activities of crucial medical supplies, secure elections, voting processes, and cross-border financial transactions as supply chains, enterprises, and governments seek to combat the pandemic and jumpstart economies.

Concerned about the pandemic, researchers of blockchain technology are working on solutions to manage drug and medical supply chains to prevent counterfeit masks, contributions, and medical insurance claims.

No one is spared from the effects of time and technology.

While specific industries have been ultimately affected or slowed down due to office closures and cash flow constraints for prospective blockchain technology users, blockchain technology continues to advance at breakneck speed. By 2022, blockchain will have outpaced other industries in terms of financial sector growth. An extensive regulatory effort is required for food monitoring, commodities verification, and sensitive data storage to link real-world things to tokenized analogs.

Because more people stay at home during the outbreak, the use of blockchain as a digital currency in online games is skyrocketing - great news for NFT fans! The use of blockchain's underlying technology to sovereign currencies will be another key milestone in this area. The Federal Reserve in the United States is investigating the prospect of a central bank digital currency serving as the basis for the design, secure real-time payments and settlements system. Two countries that are intrigued by this possibility are China and Sweden. There is still no legal structure or restrictions in place. There will also be greater integration among blockchain developers because many firms were not financially equipped for the coronavirus outbreak.

Despite the widespread impact, two industries responded better to blockchain.

1. Finance and banking

Because of the unexpected nature of recent times, the current monetary system is unstable. With the impacts of COVID-19 being felt on the global financial system, blockchain-based banking and finance solutions are becoming increasingly popular, even at the national level.

The effectiveness of cryptocurrency has made a significant contribution to the proposed advancements. In recent years, cryptocurrency has gone mainstream, with forecasts indicating even wider adoption. This trend has shaken the business & financial world, eliciting a variety of reactions from industry experts.

Products for Investment

The trend of delivering bitcoin investment vehicles through traditional commercial banking institutions is one of these reactions. These products now allow investors to buy potential volumes of cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin, at today's pricing, thereby allowing them to bet on the future value of cryptocurrency to increase their returns. Large financial firms, like Goldman Sachs, are, nonetheless, continually investing in Bitcoin's future.

In the aftermath of COVID-19, investments like this demonstrate the potential of financial technology (fintech). Fintech is seen as a method to grow products and services by 63% of banking professionals, according to Maryville University. Blockchain's ability to give a decentralized security mechanism via cryptographic linkages makes it a useful financial solution in the modern world as people want security and reliability while working from home. Latest products and services will be geared at investors and consumers based on blockchain's security.

Possibility of Universal Currency Comes Closer

With a lengthy number of countries losing currency value against the US dollar, a more ubiquitous version of currency, such as those supplied by blockchain technology, can become all the craze in the aftermath of COVID. This move has the potential to completely revolutionize banking and finance globally, leading to far more extensive adoption of this technology.

2. Medical care

The healthcare industry is coping with a number of problems that have been compounded by COVID-19's consequences. The possibility of data breaches, along with inadequate record access, makes healthcare treatment and study into important health issues expensive and difficult. Blockchain technology can benefit the entire system, and its use is growing throughout the industry.

With good reason, the healthcare blockchain business is predicted to be valued at $1.6 billion by 2025, establishing it as one of the fastest-growing sectors in blockchain. Blockchain technology has the potential to assist in the resolution of healthcare issues by providing security and accessibility that the existing system lacks.

Blockchain Data Protection & Safety

In the healthcare industry, the average cost of a data breach is $7.91 million, putting it as the most costly per capita of any industry. These expenses are incurred as a result of ransomware and cybercrime criminals stealing medical data for black market sales. The healthcare industry is particularly vulnerable to these attacks due to the high value of medical data and the inadequacy of private healthcare networks in dealing with them.

Blockchain integration, on the other hand, may be able to help with this problem. Blockchain data solutions enable immutability and transparency in use by providing break-in-proof databases that can be secured to an authorized user via cryptographic linkages. Access data can be collected and future attacks avoided in the event of a break-in.

Data Availability

Patients may greatly benefit from the decentralized character of prospective healthcare blockchains in terms of user ownership and accessibility. This will allow them to share data amongst healthcare practitioners while also giving them more access to data banks of de-identified data points that can help diagnose and treat medical problems.

In a pandemic world, these solutions are required, as telemedicine and a better knowledge of how diseases transmit and are treated are critical for public health. The healthcare business can benefit from blockchain's security and accessibility, cutting costs and increasing health outcomes.

Lianfei Technology has built the world's first blockchain epidemic monitoring technology, which can follow COVID-19's progress in real-time across all provinces and log relevant epidemic data on the blockchain, allowing data to be tracked and not manipulated.

Closing Thoughts

Disruptive technology has enabled diverse methods to the COVID-19 epidemic in emerging economies, regardless of social status. Among the technologies adopted are online health care, blockchain-based epidemic monitoring platforms, robots that deliver food and medications and monitor people's temperatures, online education platforms, and home-based working solutions, robotics and 3D-printing technologies to manage social distancing in manufacturing plants, and robotics and 3D-printing technologies to handle social distancing in manufacturing plants.

More willingness to adapt to disruptive technology is a positive indicator for the blockchain business, indicating that mainstream adoption will be more seamless in the future.

Sep, 2021

Best Gaming Coins & The Influence of Blockchain in Gaming Industry

For centuries humans have gathered around the hearth to share meals and stories of folklore and more. Lots of lessons and rituals have been passed from one generation to the other in the form of stories. In the new era gaming has shaped how we share stories or made it interactive enough to be an actual part of the story. Humans are now able to tell interactive stories that span national borders because of highly elaborate games. It allows us to let go and explore huge, limitless possibilities and universes that are far beyond what is packaged as "reality." We have the freedom to be anyone or anything we choose when we play video games.

We all have that inner child, whether it's Pacman or Marbles. When you combine this with the strength of blockchain technology, it's clear to see why blockchain gaming coins are gaining traction in a multibillion-dollar sector.

In this article we are tackling a few basic questions around blockchain gaming and what it means.

What is Blockchain Gaming?

Blockchain gaming is a type of game that uses the same technology that underpins cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum to provide actual item ownership. It's a game-changing invention for players who had previously accepted that their things will be stuck in games indefinitely. In most games, players are used to wall gardens that prevent them from freely moving things in and out. 

Blockchain could be used in a variety of ways in video games. Bitcoin transactional technology may be used to generate and maintain in-game currency accounts in addition to its usage as a payment mechanism for game purchases (if a cryptocurrency gained enough acceptance that we all routinely shopped with it). Players are awarded with coins, gems, and other glittering items that symbolize their ‘level of value' in any specific game as they win various rounds, stages, levels, and contests, and blockchain might be utilized to manage this backbone function.

How is it different from Gamified Blockchain?

There are various instances where blockchain can be used as a game in and of itself. CryptoKitties is a blockchain-based video game that allows users to buy, collect, breed, and sell many varieties of virtual cats. It was released in 2017. One of the first applications of blockchain for simply recreational purposes is supposed to be this. It's a gamified blockchain in action. 

How is NFT disrupting Gaming?

NFTs can be utilized in a variety of ways in the game industry to allow for the ownership and transferability of digital assets. Companies like Riot Games and Epic Games have disrupted the market by making games available for free, and as a result, first-person shooter and online battle-arena games have exploded in popularity. Along with those free games, “skins,” or visual upgrades, clothing, or weaponry that can be used to customize gaming avatars, have grown in popularity, and gamers frequently pay a premium for these types of changes.

This is one of the reasons why Roblox has grown so popular; its platform allows users to create and style their avatars in-game in a variety of ways.

Even more astounding is the reality that people are spending hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars on skins that improve the appearance of a game, character, or avatar but do nothing to improve the gameplay itself. Skins have effectively become digital art for video games, and NFTs could allow digital artists to claim ownership of and verify their skins in the future if they choose to sell them.

Another issue with video games is that any digital accessories, skins, maps, and worlds generated inside a given ecosystem or platform are "locked" into that game. That means that if someone spends all of her or his money on customizations for one game, she or he will lose everything if the game is discontinued.

NFTs, on the other hand, can make it easier to transfer skins and other accessories between games and that’s why a lot of NFT artists are flocking towards the blockchain gaming industry. 

Which are The Top 5 Gaming Coin Contenders?

Here are the top-rated gaming coins for the moment: 

  1. Enjin Coin (ENJ)

Enjin is going above and above to take the gaming industry to a whole new level. They're doing it through the ERC-1155 token standard, which is an Ethereum token standard that's used in tandem with Enjin Coin (ticker symbol: ENJ). Developers acquire this blockchain-based gaming coin, which is then minted into blockchain gaming products, allowing gamers to earn $ENJ by purchasing gaming things and receiving them from games, rather than needing to buy them on cryptocurrency exchanges.

  1. TRON (TRX)

TRON (TRX) is the native token of one of the world's major blockchain-based operating systems — a blockchain that seeks to create a decentralized Internet free of censorship in the future. Within a broad ecosystem of applications, the Tron blockchain (or network) already delivers outstanding scalability and dev-friendly tools.

Furthermore, the Tron blockchain is already capable of processing up to 2000 transactions per second at a very low cost. This makes it a highly sought-after crypto coin for the creation of a variety of decentralized apps (dApps), including gaming dApps.

  1. WAX (WAXP)

The WAX (Ticker symbol: WAXP) token is the native token of the WAX platform, which stands for "Worldwide Asset eXchange" — a blockchain-based exchange that allows for the global purchase and sale of virtual goods.

WAX has a lot to offer, including a developer portal with tools for building dApps on the WAX blockchain, which is the only one that is compatible with the EOS blockchain (or network). WAX also has an NFT maker that allows you to quickly and simply produce non-fungible tokens.
As a consensus technique, the WAX blockchain is reported to use Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS). This allows for near-instant transaction times.

  1. Loom Network (LOOM) 

The native coin of the Loom Network (ticker symbol: LOOM) is a highly scalable, blockchain-based network with multi-chain interoperability. Developers will be able to combine assets across all main blockchains, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance, and Tron, as a result of this. This means that a developer-only needs to create a decentralized application (dApp) once in order to simultaneously release it on numerous blockchains or platforms.

When it comes to developing high-performance dApps that require a smooth and quick user experience, the Loom Network is ideal.

  1. Decentraland (MANA) 

MANA is a cryptocurrency that is utilized in Decentraland, a virtual world based on the Ethereum blockchain that is continually evolving. This virtual environment, which was created in 2017, can be explored and utilised to interact with other people. It also includes a simple Decentraland builder, which includes hundreds of 3D elements that can be used to build or create nearly anything in this virtual world.

Users can also use open marketplaces to buy and trade Decentraland-related virtual land parcels. The blockchain can be used to verify the ownership of virtual land parcels.

The first round of these land lots was auctioned off. The most expensive land to ever get sold amounted to $913,228.20 – nearly a million dollars.  

Aug, 2021

Proof of Work vs. Proof of Stake – How do they compare to each other?

Proof of Work vs. Proof of Stake: You may have recently heard about the notion of switching from an Ethereum consensus based on the Proof of Work (PoW) system to one based on the Proof of Stake system.

First of all, let's start with some basic definitions to understand these terminologies better.

What is the Proof of Work?

Proof of work is a mechanism to prevent cyber-attacks such as a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS), which aims to deplete a computer system's resources by sending many bogus requests.

The Proof of Work concept existed before bitcoin, so it is nothing new. However, Satoshi Nakamoto used it to revolutionize the way traditional transactions are set using his/her – we still don't know who Nakamoto is – digital currency.

The History of Proof of Work

Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor introduced the notion in 1993 as a technique to prevent denial-of-service attacks and other service abuses like spam on a network by requiring some work from the service requester, usually in the form of a computer processing time.

Markus Jakobsson and Ari Juels invented and standardized the term "proof of work" in 1999. Bitcoin popularised Proof of work as a foundation for consensus in permissionless blockchains and cryptocurrencies, in which miners compete to append blocks and mint new currency, with each miner experiencing a success probability proportional to their computational effort exerted. The two most well-known Sybil deterrent strategies are PoW (Proof of Work) and PoS (Proof of Stake). They are the most common mechanisms in the context of cryptocurrencies.

But, according to today, Proof of work is maybe the most significant idea behind Nakamoto's bitcoin white paper, which was published back in 2008 – because it led to the basis of Bitcoin.  

How does Proof-of-Work Work?

We'll look at how Proof of Work works in the Bitcoin blockchain network to understand it better. 

Bitcoin is a digital currency supported by a "blockchain," which is a type of distributed ledger. This ledger keeps a record of all bitcoin transactions and organizes them into "blocks" so that no user may spend the same amount of bitcoin twice. The ledger is public, or "distributed," to avoid manipulation; other users would rapidly reject an altered version.

In practice, users identify using hashes, long strings of numbers that act as Proof of work. 

When you run a set of data through a hash function (SHA-256 is used in Bitcoin), it will only ever produce one hash. However, due to the "avalanche effect", even slight changes to any part of the original data will result in an entirely unrecognizable hash. The hash created by a given function will be the same length regardless of the size of the underlying data set. The hash function is a one-way function: it can only be used to verify that the data that created the hash matches the original data.

For a modern computer, generating any hash for a set of bitcoin transactions would be a waste of its time and potential; thus, the bitcoin network sets a particular level of "difficulty" to transform the process into "work." This option is changed such that a new block is "mined" – that is, added to the blockchain by creating a valid hash – every 10 minutes or so. The complexity of a hash is determined by its "target": the lower the target, the narrower the set of valid hashes, and the more difficult it is to construct one. In practice, this means a hash with a long string of zeros at the beginning.

What is Proof of Stake?

Proof of stake will virtualize the consensus mechanism. While the basic procedure is similar to the Proof of Work (POW), the method for achieving the ultimate goal is distinct. POW miners use their computational capability to solve cryptographically tricky puzzles.

History of Proof of Stake

Proof of Stake (PoS) was first proposed in a paper by Sunny King and Scott Nadal in 2012 to reduce the high energy usage of Bitcoin mining. The Bitcoin network was costing an average of $150,000 per day at the time.

How does Proof of Stake Work?

Altcoins are now the only ones using the Proof of Stake concept. When a transaction is launched, the data is compressed into a 1-megabyte block and replicated across many computers or network nodes. The blockchain's administrative body, the nodes, authenticate the validity of each block's transactions.

A block of transactions is added to the blockchain, a public, transparent record, once it has been confirmed. The nodes or miners would have to solve a computational challenge known as the Proof of work problem to complete the verification step. A coin is awarded to the first miner who solves each block transaction challenge.

So, to clarify:

  • Proof of Work requires all miners to solve a difficult sum, with the winner being chosen by who has the most powerful/quantity of hardware devices.
  • The winner of the Proof of Stake model is chosen at random based on the amount they have staked.

How do they compare to each other?

In terms of energy

Miners require a lot of energy in a distributed consensus based on Proof of work. A single Bitcoin transaction used the same energy as 1.57 American families for one day (data from 2015).

These energy costs are paid in fiat currencies, putting downward pressure on the value of digital currencies.

According to a recent analysis, bitcoin transactions could require as much electricity as Denmark by 2020. Developers are concerned about this issue. The Ethereum community intends to use the Proof of stake approach to creating a more environmentally friendly and less expensive distributed form of consensus.

In terms of ownership 

Furthermore, the rewards for creating a new block differ: with Proof-of-Work, the miner may or may not own any of the mined digital currency.

Forgers are always those who possess the coins minted in Proof-of-Stake.

This is also a concern that some people have about Proof of Stake vs. Proof of Work in terms of Proof of Stake helping the affluent get richer. This is because the more coins you can afford to purchase, the more coins you will be able to stake and earn.

Consider this: You can be sure of a solid return on your investment if you have enough money to meet the minimum staking requirement (which most people don't). Those with the most money have the best chance of winning the prize, making the wealthy even wealthier.

However, this is nearly identical to the Proof of Work consensus technique, allowing affluent miners to buy hundreds of ASIC devices.

In terms of security

Any computer system, especially one that deals with money, needs to be free of the threat of hacker attacks. So, the primary issue is: is Proof of Stake or Proof of Work safer?

Experts are concerned, and there are a few doubters in the community.

Bad actors are eliminated from a Proof-of-Work system due to technological and economic disincentives.

In reality, designing an assault on a PoW network is prohibitively expensive, requiring more money than you can steal. Instead, the underlying Proof of Stake algorithm must be as secure as possible because a proof-of-stake-based network could be easier to hack if there are no specific penalties. The second objection to Proof of Stake that some people have is that it allows users to verify transactions across various chains, which Proof of Work does not. This could be a problem because it could allow a hacker to undertake a double-spend attack.

This occurs when someone sends money to someone else, but the money gets spent again before the transaction is completed. Under typical conditions, if all of the other miners on the network see the attempt, it will be stopped. Furthermore, because Proof of Work only permits devices to mine on one chain at a time, the dishonest chain would be rejected outright.

In a Proof of Stake approach, on the other hand, forgers don't have to pay anything to mine on numerous chains, potentially allowing for a successful double-spend, which is also known as the "nothing at stake" issue.

Proof of Work vs. Proof of Stake: What about a switch?

As Etheruem gears up to make the big switch by the summer of 2022, the question is on everybody's mind – would it be any better?

Validators do not need to employ their computational capacity in a PoS system because the only element influencing their chances are the total quantity of their own coins and the network's current complexity.

So this possible future switch from PoW to PoS may provide the following benefits:

  1. Energy savings
  2. A safer network as attacks become more expensive: if a hacker wants to buy 51 percent of all coins, the market reacts by rapidly increasing the price.

Proof of Work VS Proof of Stake: The Conclusion

The current method of mining Ethereum, Bitcoin, Dash, and other cryptocurrencies is called Proof of Work. However, you should now be completely aware of the numerous problems that Proof of Work can cause. This includes the quantity of electricity used, the power centralized by mining pools, and a 51 percent attack potential.

The Proof of Stake concept's benefits was also discussed above. However, as blockchain technology becomes more advanced, many other consensus algorithms are hitting the market, all with their pros and cons.

The debate over Proof of Stake vs. Proof of Work will constantly divide people's viewpoints. However, given that the initial mining Ethereum is being updated, it's evident which process is the most popular.

Aug, 2021

The Battle of Anonymity in Blockchain and why is that a good thing

It's Pseudonymous not Anonymous 

Sending and receiving cryptos is similar to writing anonymously.

If an author's pseudonym is ever linked to their identity, everything they've ever written under that name will be linked to them as well.

Your pseudonym is the address to which you receive coins. Every transaction that involves the address is recorded in the blockchain at all times. If your address is ever linked to your identity, every transaction will be linked to you. That's why blockchain transactions are entirely traceable, even through aliases. 

Why do crypto users prefer to hide behind a mask? 

Blockchains operate as a trustless, anonymous middleman for objective transactional acts, bringing wealth transfer back into the hands of individuals and away from a centralized authority.

This has, predictably, stepped on the toes of some countries' authorities and governance. To make matters worse, supporting this technology may be misinterpreted as a stance against one's native country, putting one's image in danger. Some are listed as illegal and cited for treason. So, where does that leave us?

The Language of Pseudonym

The choice to adopt an alias or pseudonym while using the internet — a digital profile with no ties to your real-world identity, often further masked behind a VPN — is a fascinating phenomenon that has emerged over the years in blockchain culture. As a result, a weird phenomenon has emerged, in which the most reliable information now comes from animal avatars or obscure anime references. 

It would appear unreasonable to an outsider, or "normie," to seek knowledge from people who do not have some type of real-world verification. However, an increasing number of people believe your real-world identity days are numbered.

Here's why this might be a good thing:

Giving everyone a voice

In instances where people can develop a reputation around their online alias, independent of their real-world reputation, pseudonymous profiles are extremely useful. In comparison, it is more useful to use an alias in more speech-restrictive countries; the clear benefits of separate reputational personas may not be as relevant in Western cultures where freedom of speech is a norm. The concept of an alias can help voice the voiceless. 

End the social media comparison

Social media has always been hyped about projecting to be someone you aren't in real life; on the flip side, aliases are about being yourself without using your real identity. Social media has also been linked with the constant comparison pressure, leading to loneliness, depressive symptoms, suicide, lethargy, and social anxiety. Why choose something bad for messing with your mental health and well-being. 

The term autists

The use of the term autist is an interesting and informative observation seen in crypto culture. This slang term is a reinterpretation of the standard meaning of autism. To label someone an autist in crypto has typically positive connotations, reflecting the new social structure that blockchain culture affords. 

This new definition of autist relates to objective thinking that is unconcerned about social norms. Online personas add a layer of anonymity to real-world social encounters, which can help to reduce intimidation and bias. This can help folks who are usually marginalized for their traits. 

A defense mechanism 

The capacity of blockchain technology to provide complete anonymity is a unique and revolutionary feature. Blockchain transactions are encrypted and stored on many devices or nodes worldwide, protected by a complex private key function. Even though these exchanges are public, it is practically hard to identify the person behind them.

From freedom of speech to freedom of self

Since the development of government-regulated political correctness, freedom of speech has been under attack. An online persona frees you from the constraints of societal norms. The possibility of being labeled an outcast vanishes when there are no identifiable human users. Once an outcast, this security allows autists to demonstrate their untapped potential on a large scale. 

Using an online identity also adds a layer of security between a user's dealings with the outside world and the value they've placed in blockchains.

Closing Thoughts

Traditional norms have never been important to blockchain societies; they never needed to be. One of the most amazing aspects of math is that it is the universal language. It is impossible to use social prejudice to establish that math is erroneous. If something is correct, it is correct regardless of whether or not someone agrees with it. This has been an unstated ethos of blockchain technology since the beginning. 

Pseudonyms will help remove the world bias and will offer the same opportunity to everyone regardless of their race, color, gender, social standing - isn't that what we want? 

Aug, 2021

Crypto Trading vs. Crypto Investing – How are they different?

Investing in cryptocurrencies and trading them are two very different and distinct things. Each one necessitates a certain mentality and set of strategies.

Think in terms of these two popular money leaders!

Warren Buffet is a well-known long-term investor who employs a value investing strategy. Investing in underpriced investments or equities trading at a discount to their intrinsic value is referred to as value investing.

On the other hand, George Soros is a famed trader noted for his contrarian (against the grain) trading technique. He once 'broke the Bank of England' by shorting (betting against) the sterling pound and profiting almost $1 billion from that single move!

Let's discuss the distinction between investing and trading in cryptocurrencies in this article in a bit of depth.

What is Crypto Trading? 

Crypto trading involves speculating on cryptocurrency price movements via a CFD trading account or buying and selling the underlying coins via an exchange. Exchanging one cryptocurrency for another, buying and selling coins, and converting fiat money into cryptocurrency are examples of this trading form.

Foreign exchange (FX) is a similar concept, where fiat currencies worldwide are traded 24 hours a day.

In recent years, the number of cryptocurrencies has skyrocketed, with estimates putting the total number at around 1,500. Many of these coins can only be obtained through a primary cryptocurrency like Bitcoin or Ethereum. As a result, if you want to participate in initial coin offers (ICOs) or use the services of a blockchain company, you'll almost certainly need to trade.

One advantage of crypto trading is that you may participate without having to mine coins yourself, which requires time, energy, technical expertise, and a lot of computational power.

Now, what is Crypto Investing? 

While investing in crypto, you are using fundamentals and long-term trends to build a long-term position in digital assets and attempting to establish a position at a lower price than the price at which you will eventually sell if you intend to sell at all. There's a lot of room for buying at the wrong time.

Investors have a longer-term vision. They think in terms of years and often hold stocks through the market's fluctuation. 

Investors analyze a company's potential for long-term growth or value. Investing is about buying stocks for long-term gains; one must be patient and willing to put in the time. 

Cryptocurrency investors are less risk-averse than traders because they are more at ease leaving their investments alone and less unconcerned about daily price fluctuation.

Suppose you want direct exposure to the demand for digital money. In that case, cryptocurrency is an excellent investment, while stocks of firms with cryptocurrency exposure are a safer but perhaps less rewarding alternative.

Many cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, are founded with ambitious goals that can be accomplished over long periods. While the success of any cryptocurrency initiative is not guaranteed, if it meets its objectives, early investors may be well rewarded in the long run. The reasoning behind this is that blockchain technology is still in its infancy. It could take years (or even decades) to disrupt established institutions and acquire widespread use. It should be noted that, in comparison to stock markets, the cryptocurrency market cycles are shorter.

To be regarded as a long-term success, any cryptocurrency initiative must first achieve widespread adoption – which it is clearly years away from.

The Difference 

Traders and investors face distinct tax consequences because one aims to produce income while the other seeks to generate a long-term capital gain. Anyone can combine trading and investing, but the two should not be confused. The current cryptocurrency markets are traders' markets. Therefore people looking to invest should build positions gradually over time to prevent price volatility.

If you're not sure whether you want to be an investor or a trader, try both. Short-term bets that go wrong can always be turned into long-term investments. Keep in mind that trading is far more difficult from a technical standpoint, whereas investing in cryptocurrency might be emotionally challenging.

Bottom Line

Traders and investors both strive to make money by buying and selling cryptocurrencies, but their techniques and long-term objectives are different. The variation in strategy has several significant consequences, including differences in tax liability. It's critical to comprehend these distinctions to fully realize the tax implications and avoid any problems.

Both investing and trading involve patience and emotional control, and both can be difficult to master. However, mastering either can be profitable.

Whether it's trading or investing, you can do both by registering with ATAIX today to set up an account and get started.

Aug, 2021

Stablecoins – A Hit or a Miss?

Stablecoins have been around for approximately seven years. Still, the debate over them has never been as hot as it has been in recent weeks, not only among crypto enthusiasts but also among regulators and traditional investors.

The price volatility of cryptocurrencies has given them a bad image. Bitcoin's price, for example, soared from less than $5,000 in the first quarter of 2020 to over $30,000 in the fourth quarter, owing to exceptional institutional demand.

While this is a good indicator for adoption and speculation, the volatility of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum has hindered them from becoming a common form of payment. Nobody wants to pay for a cup of coffee with a risky asset.

Stablecoins, on the other hand, are less volatile than other cryptocurrencies since they are pegged to other assets such as the US dollar.

What is Stablecoin?

Stablecoins are a sort of cryptocurrency whose value is frequently tied to various assets, including government-issued currencies like the US dollar, precious metals like gold, and even other cryptocurrencies.

Issuers have been experimenting with various techniques for realizing and maintaining the price peg of stablecoins to the underlying assets. USDT (0 percent), USDC (+0.01 percent), BUSD, and GUSD are examples of stable coins backed by reserves whose dollar worth is expected to equal the circulating supply tokens. Others, such as tether gold, representing one troy fine ounce of gold on a London Good Delivery bar, are backed by tangible goods.

There are also algorithm-powered decentralized stablecoins like DAI (+0.03 percent) and FEI.

How do Stablecoins work, and where are they used?

Fiat currency (conventional currencies like the US dollars in your bank account), other cryptocurrencies, precious metals, and algorithmic functions are all used to back stablecoins. However, the source of a cryptocurrency's backing might have an impact on its risk level: For example, a fiat-backed stablecoin may be more stable since it is linked to a centralized financial system with a central authority figure (such as a central bank) that may intervene and control prices when valuations are turbulent. 

Because there is no regulating agency monitoring what the stablecoin is anchored to, stablecoins that aren't linked to centralized financial institutions, such as a bitcoin-backed stablecoin, may fluctuate dramatically and quickly.

Most people traded cryptocurrency against government ("fiat") currencies and other cryptocurrencies before stablecoins became popular. "Spot trading versus stablecoins began to dominate a larger share of trade activity starting in 2017," according to Pankaj Balani, CEO of crypto derivatives exchange Delta Exchange.

Crypto lending also makes use of stablecoins. Depositing USDC in a savings account with Coinbase, one of the firms behind the stablecoin will earn you a 4% yearly interest rate. The interest rate on USDT deposits might be anywhere from 1.66 percent and 13.5 percent.

Types of Stablecoins

  • Fiat-backed Stablecoin: 

Described as an IOU – you buy stablecoins with your dollars (or any fiat money) and then redeem them for your original currency later.

  • Crypto-backed Stablecoin: 

Other crypto assets back them. Crypto-backed stablecoins are overcollateralized to safeguard the stablecoin's value because the backing asset can be volatile.

  • Precious Metal-Backed Stablecoin: 

These use gold and other precious metals to preserve their value. These stablecoins are centralized, which may be seen as a disadvantage by some in the crypto community, but it also protects them against crypto volatility.

  • Algorithm-backed Stablecoin: 

These coins aren't backed by anything, making them the most challenging stablecoin to comprehend. To avoid the coin's value from fluctuating too much, these stablecoins use a computer algorithm. If an algorithmic stablecoin's price is pegged to $1, but the price rises, the algorithm will automatically issue more tokens into the supply to bring the price down. If the price goes below $1, the pool will be reduced to raise the price.

What has already happened on the stable coin front?

Recent business activity has created a lot of buzz in the industry. Visa and Circle, the blockchain unicorn behind USDC, a stablecoin pegged to the US dollar, announced cooperation in December 2020. Circle's corporate cardholders will be able to spend USDC anywhere Visa is accepted due to the relationship. "Stablecoins like USDC represent a promising payments innovation and provide an emerging platform for fintech and digital wallets to enable new payment flows," said Cuy Sheffield, Visa's head of crypto.

What is the future for Stablecoins? 

Some investors are concerned about worst-case scenarios, such as what may happen if stablecoin issuers face enormous redemption requests because of the systemic role stablecoins play in crypto trading and lending.

The danger could also spread to traditional marketplaces. Stablecoin concerns are possibly "contagious," according to a report released earlier this month by credit rating firm Fitch. According to Fitch, Tether's commercial paper (CP) holdings were $20.3 billion as of March 31, suggesting that its CP holdings may be more significant than most prime money market funds in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

Payments incumbents like Visa may save money on international transfers and data processing by using stablecoins. Similarly, institutions that digital adversaries threaten might use stablecoins and blockchain technology to digitize their back offices quickly.

It will be essential to keep an eye on merchant adoption. Merchants can already take stablecoins and other cryptocurrencies as payment for goods and services using crypto platforms like Bitpay and Coinbase Commerce.

Decentralized finance (Defi) applications such as loan issuance can benefit from stablecoins. MakerDao, for example, uses its native stablecoin DAI to make collateralized loans. This is an area where you may expect more incredible innovation.

That said, one of the most intriguing news stories and headlines related to blockchain and crypto is that crypto's initial promise may finally be realized. Crypto applications and use cases proceed to evolve, develop, and improve in ways that would have been unperceivable even a few years ago. Stablecoins, as evidenced by Visa's recent trial program, appears to be the future of crypto implementation, and it is a promising future.

Closing thoughts

It's easy to forget, but bitcoin's original goal was to build a decentralized and distributed payment system, which has yet to materialize. Instead, in the shape of stablecoins, an alternate (some would say better) version of crypto has developed as a monument to the free market process. Cryptocurrencies must be liquid, have low price volatility, and be connected with established financial institutions to function well as a currency alternative., and develop in ways that would have been hard to imagine, 

Jul, 2021

7 Beginner Crypto Trading Mistakes to Avoid

Crypto is all the hype these days and everyone wants to get in on the game. If you are a beginner who is going to start trading, keep these few things in mind to help you on your new journey. Here are seven mistakes to avoid at all costs.

1. Not Diversifying Enough

Some clichés have some truth to them. Consider any sentence that includes the phrases "don't bet the farm" or "don't put all your eggs in one basket." Diversification has been around for thousands of years for a reason: if you gamble everything, you're more likely to lose everything. This is as true in cryptocurrency trading as it is in any other industry.

You should diversify even if you think you've found a sure thing, not merely because there isn't such a thing. It simply doesn't hurt to have a broader range of options. You win some, lose some, and occasionally both at the same time. Diversification increases your chances of losing some rather than all of your investments.

2. Thinking everything depends on Lady Luck.

Rather than relying on luck alone, trading requires you to be well-read, intelligent, and updated on the newest news. Not only that but being well-read and well-informed is how you get lucky. For many people, what appears to be luck is the consequence of hard work and perseverance.

Unfortunately, not knowing enough about the technology you're investing in is one of the most prevalent rookie blunders every crypto trader should avoid. If you're going to invest in cryptocurrency, you should know enough about it to explain it to someone who doesn't know anything about it. Otherwise, you're as doomed as anyone who put money into one of history's worst IPOs.

3. Following the Herd Mentality

One of the primary blunders that every crypto trader should avoid is not marching to the beat of their own drum. Sure, you might be able to ride a wave for a few days or even weeks, but it's an indication that a bubble is going to burst when individuals you don't know start talking to you about cryptocurrency. It's too late by the time enough people are aware of something for you to feel compelled to participate—the tipping point has already been reached.

4. Never Panic Sell

To trade, you need an iron heart, especially in a market with as many price fluctuations as crypto. Selling when things become tricky is one of the beginner blunders that every crypto trader should avoid. It makes sense to cut your losses on occasion, but they aren't losses until you sell. If you simply hold on to your investment, it may rise in value again.

 You don't want to purchase high and sell low since you're essentially wasting your money. It cannot be overstated how important it is to invest wisely. Wisdom is the most potent deterrent to failure.

5. Selling at Peak Prices

In the wise words of seasoned investors, 'This isn't the top; hold and don't sell.' The argument is that you never know how much a particular token will increase in value.

If you acquired bitcoin for $100, for example, you undoubtedly felt compelled to sell it when it surged to $1,000. But you'd be kicking yourself today because the ether is already trading above $ 9,000.

You'll need a strategy to sell cryptocurrencies. Set a goal for yourself and work toward it no matter what. Yes, looking at how money moves will be challenging as the market falls. Is it, nevertheless, necessary to panic and sell everything at once? There is just one answer: no.

6. Taking Security too Lightly

This is possibly the most severe blunder in the crypto-community today. Millions of dollars were lost due to customers entrusting their data to a hacked exchange or a service that went down.

Scammers and hackers do not stand still as technology advances, and where money is freely available, and there is insufficient oversight, those are the sins for them not to take. Even if you have a small amount of money and plan to invest only for a little while, you need to take precautions to protect your data at all costs. Make sure two-factor authentication, the use of individual computers, and data encryption are all required.

Make physical copies of data, of course. 

7. The Fear of Missing Out

FOMO is a fear of missing out on anything. It shows up in scenarios like selling an asset early because you're afraid of losing money, buying at the maximum because you're scared of missing out on something essential, or investing in doubtful ventures. After all, you're afraid of missing out on a promising ICO. Most of the time, it is the fear of losing money that causes us to lose money.

FOMO is challenging to overcome, but it is possible. Create a set of rules for trading on the crypto exchange or selecting a project, as well as restrictions on the maximum losses and profits that are acceptable to you.

It would help if you rose above it. Understand that fresh opportunities in the realm of cryptocurrency occur daily, so keep that in mind.

Closing Thoughts

If you keep the above seven things in mind, you will grow as a trader and go on to make money on your own terms and succeed at crypto. Are you looking for a good, safe, and easy-to-trade exchange to start with? Just sign up with ATAIX today, and you can start trading in no time.

Good luck! 

Jul, 2021

Can Blockchain Technology Improve The Healthcare Industry?

Blockchain technology can improve health care by putting the patient at the center of the system and improving health data security, privacy, and interoperability. By making electronic medical records more streamlined, direct, and safe, this technology could create a new model for health information exchanges (HIE). While this new, fast expanding sector is not a cure-all for everything, it does provide fertile ground for experimentation, investment, and proof-of-concept testing.

Blockchain in healthcare could help alleviate the pain by deflating the present expenditure bubble, protecting patient data, and improving the overall experience. The technology is already being used to perform everything from encrypting medical data to controlling disease outbreaks.

Securing Patient's Data

The most popular blockchain healthcare use right now is keeping our sensitive medical data safe and secure, which is unsurprising. In the healthcare industry, security is a big concern — only Between 2009 and 2017 in the US, data breaches exposed over 176 million patient records. The criminals stole credit card and banking information and health and genomic testing records.

Because blockchain can preserve an incorruptible, decentralized, and transparent log of all patient data, it's ripe for security applications. Furthermore, while blockchain is evident, it is also private, masking each individual's identity via complicated and secure protocols.

Blockchain-based Medical Records Will Reduce Mishaps

The healthcare business loses $11 billion a year due to miscommunication between medical experts. Obtaining access to a patient's medical records takes time, depletes staff resources, and delays patient care. The use of blockchain-based medical records may provide a solution to these problems.

The technology's decentralized structure generates a single ecosystem of patient data that doctors, hospitals, pharmacists, and anybody else involved in treatment may access quickly and efficiently. The blockchain can help to speed up diagnosis and customize care programs in this way.

Medical Supply Chain Management and Drug Traceability & Safety

How much do we truly understand about medicine? Is it possible that it isn't tainted and is pure? Is it coming from a reliable source? The medical supply chain, or the relationship between the lab and the marketplace, is preoccupied with these issues.

The decentralization of blockchain ensures complete transparency in the shipping process, which has severe implications for the pharmaceutical supply chain management. The point of origin will be marked on a drug ledger once it is generated (i.e., a laboratory). The ledger will then record data every step of the way until it reaches the consumer, including who handled it and where it went. The system can also keep track of labor costs.

Catalyze breakthroughs in Genomics

Once a pipe dream, genomics' potential to improve human health is now a scientific and financial reality. A human genome cost $1 billion to process in 2001. DNA tests that reveal clues to our health and background are now available in millions of homes thanks to companies like 23andMe and Ancestry.com.

Because it can safely store billions of genetic data points, blockchain is an ideal fit for this burgeoning business. It's even evolved into a marketplace where people may sell their encrypted genetic data to contribute to a more extensive database, allowing scientists to obtain crucial data more quickly than ever before.

Challenges and considerations in the implementation

Blockchain technology has tremendous applications in health care, but it is not yet fully mature or a panacea that can be used instantly. Before companies across the country can embrace a healthcare blockchain, a number of technical, organizational, and behavioral economics difficulties must be overcome.

Firstly, Blockchain technology is still in the early stages of development. It faces several obstacles that must be overcome before it can be used in biomedical and healthcare applications. Transparency and confidentiality are the first two challenges. On a blockchain network, everyone can see everything. Many people assume that medical data is held off-chain and that a blockchain merely stores the hash of the tag information.

The second issue is that of speed and scalability. Transaction processing speed in proof-of-concept research is estimated to be a few hundredths of traditional methods, such as credit cards. Given the massive volume of transactions in the healthcare industry, a blockchain technology revolution is required.

Will Blockchain affect Healthcare’s future?

Numerous elements of blockchain technology, such as the immutability of data stored in a blockchain, are attracting the interest of the healthcare industry, with many promising applications being considered. Blockchain technology is projected to improve medical record administration and insurance claim processing and speed clinical and biomedical research and advance biomedical and healthcare data ledgers.

These expectations are based on essential features of blockchain technology, including decentralized management, an immutable audit trail, data provenance, robustness, and enhanced security and privacy. The most important innovation that can be accomplished with blockchain technology is retrieving data subjects' rights. There is more to see where blockchain will take the healthcare industry, but it looks like a promising start.

Jul, 2021